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Smart Systems

Smart system is the next generation of computing and information system, combining artificial intelligence, machine learning, cyber-physical systems, edge/cloud computing, pervasive/ubiquitous computing, big data analytics, and Internet of Things (IoT) technologies to provide real-time networked information and control.

Smart systems components

Smart systems typically consist of diverse components:

  • Sensors for signal acquisition
  • Elements transmitting the information to the command-and-control unit
  • Command-and-control units that take decisions and give instructions based on the available information
  • Components transmitting decisions and instructions
  • Actuators that perform or trigger the required action

Characteristics and potential threats

Although very heterogeneous those components have some common characteristics :

  • those components all communicate together and more and more through TCP/IP
  • being connected they are potentially vulnerable to cyber threats ,
  • they may detect availability problems or have availability problems
  • being outside they are also more vulnerable to natural (and man made) hazards
  • some of them are moving around thus changing geolocation
  • they need to be monitored against all those threats and potential incidents

IDMEFv2 answer

IDMEFv2 is based on two major concepts :

  • IDMEFv2 allows definition of cyber and physical incident whether they are malicious or accidental and natural and man made hazards. Thus IDMEFv2 can cover in a single format all the kind of incidents happening with smart systems.
  • IDMEFv2 puts together 5 dimensions : the three spacial dimension through geolocation attributes, the time dimension and the “virtual” dimensions with IP adress.

Thus IDMEFv2 offers a unique possibility to describe any incident happening on smart system.